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Aleksandra Lisowska

From Academic Kids

Image:Khourrem.jpg

'Aleksandra Lisowska (c. 1510 - April 18, 1558), wife of S?n the Magnificent of the Ottoman empire, also variously known as Roxelana, Roxolana, Roxelane, Rossa, Ruziac, but more often known by her Turkish name of Khourrem (or H? or Karima), meaning the laughing one.

Khourrem was born to a father who was a Ruthenian Orthodox priest, in what was then Poland (now Ukraine), possibly in Rohatyn. She was captured and taken to Istanbul in the 1520s as a slave, but was selected for S?n's Harem.

In the Harem, she gradually worked her way up to become S?n's favourite concubine. In 1534 she used her influence to have S?n's firstborn son, together with his mother, sent away to be a provincial governor, before apparently persuading S?n to have him strangled - see S?n the Magnificent for details.

Khourrem was to bear S?n five children and, in an astonishing break with tradition, eventually became his wife, leading to one of her sons, Selim, inheriting the empire. Khourrem also acted as S?n's advisor on matters of state, and she was also active in foreign affairs and international politics.

Aside from her political concerns, Khourrem was the first woman to engage in several major works of public building, from Mecca to Jerusalem, and the first to endow a mosque in Istanbul.

Khourrem died on April 18 1558. She is buried in a mausoleum with her husband at the S?niye Mosque.

See also

External links

  • Roxelana (http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/islam/empires/ottoman/roxelana.html)
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