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Central African Republic

From Academic Kids

The Central African Republic is a land-locked country in central Africa. It borders Chad in the north, Sudan on the east, the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the south, and Cameroon on the west. The CAR is situated north of the equator, separating the Congo River basin from Lake Chad and the White Nile river basin. Formerly the French colony of Ubangi-Shari, the nation was first ruled by French plantation interests, and, for three decades after it gained its independence in 1960, by military governments. While a civilian government was installed in 1993, the country's political instability remains.

Republique Centrafricaine
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Central_african_republic_flag_large.png


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(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Unit鬠Dignit鬠Travail
(French: Unity, Dignity, Work)
image:LocationCentralAfricanRepublic.png
Languages French (official), Sangho, and various tribal languages
Capital Bangui
President [[Fran篩s Boziz靝
Prime Minister [[Elie Dot靝
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 42nd
622,984 km²
0%
Population


 - Total (2003)
 - Density

Ranked 124th


3,683,538
5.8/km²

Independence
 - Date
From France
August 13, 1960
Currency CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone UTC+1
National anthem La Renaissance
Internet TLD .cf
Calling Code 236
Contents

History

Main article: History of the Central African Republic

Originally a colony of France, the Central African Republic became independent in 1960. The new nation quickly descended into dictatorship under the rule of its first president, David Dacko. In 1966 Dacko was overthrown by his cousin Jean-B餥l Bokassa who established a highly eccentric military dictatorship. In 1976 Bokassa proclaimed himself emperor and was crowned in a lavish and expensive ceremony (the shoes he wore set a world record for their costliness) based on that of his hero Napoleon Bonaparte that was ridiculed by much of the world. His human rights violations (which are said to have included cannibalism and the feeding of school children to crocodiles, amongst others) and movements against French interests prompted France to support a coup against him in 1979, restoring Dacko to power. A second coup occurred in 1981, and democracy began in 1993. In 2003 however, there was yet another coup, bringing [[Fran篩s Boziz靝 to power.

Politics

Template:Politics of Central African Republic The country is currently under the rule of Fran篩s Boziz鮠A new constitution was approved by voters in a referendum held on December 5 2004. Full multiparty presidential and parliamentary elections were held in March 2005, [1] (http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/IRIN/87ba6e292f78b0bc6dbbaeb9c2ef6bd9.htm) with a second round in May.

Prefectures

Main article: Prefectures of the Central African Republic

Geography

Main article: Geography of the Central African Republic

Economy

Main article: Economy of the Central African Republic

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of the Central African Republic

Culture

Main article: Culture of the Central African Republic

See also:

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Map of the Central African Republic

Miscellaneous topics

External links


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Countries in Africa

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Cte d'Ivoire | Djibouti | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | The Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | So Tom and Prncipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somaliland | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe | Western Sahara

Dependencies: Canary Islands | Ceuta and Melilla | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Runion | Saint Helena and dependencies
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