# Hyperboloid

In mathematics, a hyperboloid is a quadric, a type of surface in three dimensions, described by the equation:

[itex]{x^2 \over a^2} + {y^2 \over b^2} - {z^2 \over c^2}=1[itex]  (hyperboloid of one sheet),

or

[itex]{x^2 \over a^2} + {y^2 \over b^2} - {z^2 \over c^2}=-1[itex]  (hyperboloid of two sheets)

If, and only if, [itex]a=b[itex], it is a hyperboloid of revolution. A hyperboloid of one sheet can be obtained by revolving a hyperbola around its transversal axis. Alternatively, a hyperboloid of two sheets of axis AB is obtained as the set of points P such that AP-BP is a constant, AP being the distance between A and P. A and B are then called the foci of the hyperboloid. A hyperboloid of two sheets can be obtained by revolving a hyperbola around its focal axis.

A hyperboloid of one sheet is a ruled surface; if it is a hyperboloid of revolution, it can also be obtained by revolving a line about a skew line.

A degenerate hyperboloid is of the form:

[itex]{x^2 \over a^2} + {y^2 \over b^2} - {z^2 \over c^2}=0;[itex]

if a = b then this will give a cone, if not then it gives an elliptical cone.

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