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Phoenix (plant)

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Phoenix
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Phoenix.canariensis.jpg



Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Genus:Phoenix
Species

Phoenix abyssinica
Phoenix acaulis
Phoenix canariensis Canary Island Date Palm
Phoenix dactylifera Date Palm
Phoenix lourierii
Phoenix paludosa
Phoenix pusilla
Phoenix reclinata Senegal Date Palm
Phoenix roebelinii Pygmy Date Palm
Phoenix rupicola Cliff Date Palm
Phoenix sylvestris Indian Date Palm
Phoenix theophrastii Cretan Date Palm

Phoenix is a genus of about 15-20 species of palms, native from the Canary Islands east across northern and central Africa, the extreme southeast of Europe (Crete), and southern Asia from Turkey east to southern China and Malaysia.

The stems are single, or suckering and clumped, and vary from 1-30 m tall. The leaves are pinnate, 1-6 m long. The plants are dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants; pollination is by wind. The flowers are inconspicuous yellowish-brown and about 1 cm wide, but grouped on conspicuous large multi-branched panicles 30-90 cm long. The fruit is a drupe, 1-7 cm long, yellow to red-brown or dark purple when mature, with one seed. The fruit of P. dactylifera is large with a thick layer of fruit pulp, edible, very sweet and rich in sugar; the other species have only a thin layer of fruit pulp.

Template:Plant-stub

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