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Pupfish

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Death Valley Pupfish
Missing image
Death_Valley_Pupfish_spawning_in_Salt_Creek.jpg
Death Valley Pupfish spawning in Salt Creek


Death Valley Pupfish spawning in Salt Creek
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Cyprinodontiformes
Family:Cyprinodontidae
Genus:Cyprinodon
Species:C. salinus
Binomial name
Cyprinodon salinus
Miller, 1943
Subspecies

See text.

The Death Valley Pupfish (Cyprinodon salinus) is a species of fish that is the last known survivor of what is thought to have been an large ecosystem of fish species that lived in Lake Manly which dried up at the end of the last ice age leaving the present day Death Valley in California. The pupfish is adapted to the shallow, hot, salty water of a particular part of Salt Creek that flows above ground year-round. Another sub-species lives in nearby Cottonwood Marsh.

Subspecies

  • Salt Creek Pupfish (Cyprinodon salinus salinus)
Found in Salt Creek in the central part of Death Valley.
  • Cottonball Marsh Pupfish (Cyprinodon salinus milleri), threatened
Found in Cottonball Marsh on the west side of central Death Valley.

Other Cyprinodons in the area

  • Amargosa Pupfish (Cyprinodon nevadensis amargosa)
Found in the Amargosa River northwest of Saratoga Springs.
  • Saratoga Pupfish (Cyprinodon nevadensis nevadensis)
Found at Saratoga Springs at the south end of Death Valley.
  • Devil's Hole Pupfish (Cyprinodon diabolis), endangered
Found in Devil's Hole 37 miles east of Furnace Creek, in western Nevada.
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