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Rome, Georgia

From Academic Kids

Rome is the largest city in Floyd County, GeorgiaTemplate:GR, and is its county seat. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 34,980. It is a namesake of Rome, Italy because it was built on seven hills, and has a replica of the statue of Romulus and Remus nursing from a mother wolf. [1] (http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/statues/romulus.htm)

Contents

Geography

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Location of Rome, Georgia

Rome is located at 34°15'36" North, 85°11'6" West (34.259893, -85.185037)Template:GR. The city is at the merging of the Etowah River and the Oostanaula River-- the rivers form the beginning of the Coosa River.

History

There is some debate over whether Hernando de Soto was the first Spanish conquistador to encounter Native Americans in the area now known as Rome, but it is usually agreed that he passed through the region with his expedition in 1540. In 1560, Tristán de Luna sent a detachment of 140 soldiers and 2 Dominican friars north along de Soto's route, and it is this group that established true relations with the Coosa cheifdom as they assisted the Coosa in a raid against the rebellious province of Napochín, in what is now known as Tennessee. Within 20 years the Mound Builders were gone, replaced by the Creek and eventually the Cherokee.

A few settlers had already been accepted by the Cherokee in the early 1800's, and these were later joined by missionaries. The area became home to a several Cherokee leaders, including Cherokee Chief John Ross.

Rome was officially settled after the removal of the Cherokee Indians on the Trail of Tears. The founders placed names in a hat - and Rome was chosen - since the city has rivers meet on an area with seven hills. The city served agrarian needs and the cotton trade, and gained a rail line to Kingston, Georgia.

During the Civil War, the city was defended by Nathan Bedford Forrest in Abel Strait's raid from the area east of modern day Cedar Bluff, Alabama. Union General Jefferson C. Davis captured Rome--a major target during the Atlanta campaign--as the outflanked Confederate army retreated (under command of Samuel French). Through the 20th century, many textile and carpet mills developed in the area and flourished until the 1970s.

Rome has many historic homes, and the traditional marquees of Broad Street are reminiscent of many years of downtown growth.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 77.3 km² (29.8 mi²). 76.1 km² (29.4 mi²) of it is land and 1.2 km² (0.5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.54% water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 34,980 people, 13,320 households, and 8,431 families residing in the city. The population density is 459.7/km² (1,190.5/mi²). There are 14,508 housing units at an average density of 190.7/km² (493.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 63.12% White, 27.66% African American, 1.42% Asian, 0.39% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 5.61% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. 10.35% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 13,320 households, of which 29.1% have children under the age of 18 living in them, 41.2% are married couples living together, 17.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% are non-families. 30.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.47 and the average family size is 3.07.

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The waterwheel of the Berry Schools' Old Mill, built by students in 1930, stands 42 feet high.

In the city the population is spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 86.2 males.

The median income of a household in the city is $30,930, and the median income of a family is $37,775. Males have a median income of $30,179 versus $22,421 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,327. 20.3% of the population and 15.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 29.1% of those under the age of 18 and 16.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Rome is the home of two private, liberal arts colleges, Berry College (located in Mount Berry) and Shorter College. There is also the Georgia State University school Floyd College and Coosa Valley Technical College.

External links

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