Advertisement

Use of death penalty worldwide

From Academic Kids

At one time the death penalty was used in almost every part of the globe; but over the last few decades many countries have abolished it. Amnesty International classifies countries in four categories. 74 countries still maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. 89 countries have abolished it completely; 9 retain it, but only for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as crimes committed in time of war). 28 other countries maintain laws permitting the use of the death penalty for ordinary crimes, but have allowed the death penalty to fall into disuse. Finally, it is not unknown for countries to practise extrajudicial execution sporadically or systematically outside their own formal legal frameworks.


Missing image
Death_Penalty_World_Map.png
Death Penalty World Map
Color Key:
  • Blue: Abolished for all crimes
  • Green: Abolished for crimes not committed in exceptional circumstances (such as crimes committed in time of war)
  • Orange: Abolitionist in Practice
  • Red: Legal Form of Punishment

Country Death Penalty? Last Execution Number executed (2004) Crimes Eligible for Death Penalty Notes
Afghanistan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 [1] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA110072004?open&of=ENG-392) 1 Murder
Albania Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1995 [2] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html) 0 serious crimes committed in wartime or during a state of emergency [3] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=1&org=0&eu=0&topic=8). For a full list see here (http://www.legislationline.org/view.php?document=61606) Abolished for other crimes in 2000
Algeria Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1993 0
Andorra Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1943 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Angola Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1992; Prohibited by Constitution
Antigua and Barbuda Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1991 [4] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/ENGAMR580012000?open&of=ENG-ATG) 0 Murder
Argentina Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
0 Abolished for other crimes in 1984; Constitution states "The penalty of death for political offences, all kinds of torture, and flogging, are forever abolished."
Armenia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1991 [5] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html) 0 Abolished in 2003
Australia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1967 0 Abolished in Queensland in 1922, Tasmania in 1968, the Commonwealth in 1973, Northern Territory in 1973, Victoria in 1975, South Australia in 1976, ACT in 1983, Western Australia in 1984, and New South Wales in 1985.
Austria Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1950 0 Abolished in 1968; Prohibited by Constitution
Azerbaijan Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1993 0 Abolished in 1998
Bahamas Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2000 [6] (http://europa.eu.int/comm/development/body/country/country_home_en.cfm?cid=bs&lng=en&status=new) 0
Bahrain Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1996 [7] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500041996?open&of=ENG-392) 0
Bangladesh Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 7 Murder [8] (http://www.zeenews.com/links/articles.asp?aid=212318&sid=SAS); drug offences [9] (http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/zw-cgi/view/Advice/Bangladesh); Trafficking in children for immoral or illegal purposes; Trafficking in women for purposes of prostitution [10] (http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2003/27944.htm)
Barbados Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1984 [11] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR150062002?open&of=ENG-BRB) [12] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR150022005?open&of=ENG-BRB) 0 Murder
Belarus Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 5 acts of aggression; murder of a representative of a foreign state or international organization with the intention to provoke international tension or war; international terrorism; genocide; crimes against the security of humanity; murder with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; terrorist acts; treason that results in loss of life; conspiracy to seize power; sabotage; murder of a police officer; use of weapons of mass destruction; and violations of the laws and customs of war [13] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=6&org=0&eu=0&topic=8)
Belgium Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1950 0 Abolished in 1996; Prohibited by Constitution
Belize Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1985 [14] (http://web.amnesty.org/web/ar2002.nsf/amr/belize?Open) 0 murder, except where extenuating circumstances can be proved [15] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR160022001?open&of=ENG-BLZ)
Benin Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1987 0 armed robbery (PDF) (http://www.omct.org/pdf/procedures/2004/joint/s_violence_benin_sum_recom_10_2004.pdf); murder [16] (http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/0/86fccf0fb9823123c1256b13005aadb5?Opendocument); traffickers involved in "labor exploitation" [17] (http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41588.htm)
Bermuda Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1977 0 Abolished in 2000
Bhutan Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1974 [18] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500012005) 0 Abolished in 2004
Bolivia Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1974 0 Abolished for other crimes in 1997
Bosnia-Herzegovina Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1997 0 Abolished in 2001
Botswana Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [19] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT530042003?open&of=ENG-BWA) 0 Murder
Brazil Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1855 0 Abolished for other crimes in 1979
Brunei Darussalam Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1957 0 possession of heroin, ecstasy and morphine derivatives of more than 15 grams, Cocaine of more than 30 grams, Cannabis of more than 500 grams, Syabu or methamphetamine of more than 50 grams, or Opium of more than 1.2 kg [20] (http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1073.html)
Bulgaria Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1989 0 Abolished in 1998
Burkina Faso Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1988 0 Treason [21] (http://www.politinfo.com/articles/article_2004_04_8_2302.html)
Burundi Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2000 or later [22] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR160212004?open&of=ENG-BDI) 0 Murder [23] (http://www.santegidio.org/pdm/news2002/28_06_02_b.htm)
Cambodia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1989; Prohibited by Constitution
Cameroon Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0 secession; espionage; incitement to war [24] (http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/hrcommittee/cameroon1999.html)
Canada Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1962 0 Abolished in 1998; For more information see Capital punishment in Canada
Cape Verde Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1835 0 Abolished in 1981; Prohibited by Constitution
Central African Republic Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1981 0
Chad Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [25] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR200012004?open&of=ENG-TCD) 0 Murder
Chile Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1985 0 Abolished for other crimes in 2001
People's Republic of China Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 3,400 Embezzlement [26] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/oct03.html); Rape of children [27] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/july03.html); Fraud [28] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/mar03.html); Bombing [29] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/jan03.html); People trafficking [30] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/sept02.html); Piracy; Theft [31] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/jan2000.html); Corruption; Arson [32] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/march2000.html); Abolished in Hong Kong and Macao; For more information is Capital punishment in the People's Republic of China
Republic of China (Taiwan) Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 [33] (http://web.amnesty.org/pages/deathpenalty-sentences-eng) 1 Murder [34] (http://web.amnesty.org/report2004/twn-summary-eng)
Colombia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1909 0 Abolished in 1910; Prohibited by Constitution
Comoros Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1996 or later [35] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500091996?open&of=ENG-392) 0
Democratic Republic of the Congo Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [36] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500072004?open&of=ENG-MAR) 0
Republic of the Congo Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1982 0
Cook Islands Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
0 Treason [37] (http://www.paclii.org/ck/legis/consol%5fact/ca196982.html)
Costa Rica Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1859 [38] (http://www.bestwesterncostarica.com/tourist_pura_human.html) 0 Abolished in 1877; Prohibited by Constitution
Côte d'Ivoire Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence [39] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR050032003?open&of=ENG-CPV) 0 Abolished in 2000
Croatia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1973 [40] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html) 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Cuba Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 0 Hijacking [41] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR250132003?open&of=ENG-CUB) [42] (http://www.cubacenter.org/media/news_articles/decree.php3) [43] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/april03.html); crimes against state security; murder [44] (http://www.cubanet.org/CNews/y02/dec02/05e5.htm)
Cyprus Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1962 0 Abolished in 2002
Czech Republic Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1989 0 Abolished in 1990 as part of Czechoslovakia; Prohibited by Constitution
Denmark Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1950 0 Abolished in 1978
Djibouti Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1995
Dominica Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Dominican Republic Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1966; Prohibited by Constitution
East Timor Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1999
Ecuador Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1906; Prohibited by Constitution
Egypt Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 or later 6 Rape [45] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/mar02.html)
El Salvador Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1973 0 The death penalty may be imposed only in cases provided by military laws during a state of international war [46] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500092005) Abolished for other crimes in 1983
Equatorial Guinea Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Eritrea Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Estonia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1991 0 Abolished in 1998
Ethiopia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Fiji Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1964 0 Only for crimes under the Republic of Fiji Military Forces Act Abolished for other crimes in 1979
Finland Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1944 0 Abolished in 1972; Prohibited by Constitution
France Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1977 0 Abolished in 1981
Gabon Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1981 [47] (http://wwwserver.law.wits.ac.za/humanrts/hrcommittee/gabon2000.html) 0
The Gambia Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1981 0 Treason Abolished in 1993 but was reinstated by Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council in August 1995 [48] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR050032003)
Georgia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1995 [49] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html) 0 Abolished in 1997
Germany Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none by authorities of the FRG 0 Abolished in FRG in 1949 and in GDR 1987; last execution in West Germany: 1956 (by US Military Authorities), last execution in East Germany: 1981 (by GDR authorities). Prohibited by the Basic Law since 1949.
Ghana Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1993 [50] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR280012002?open&of=ENG-GHA) 0 Murder; Treason; Armed robbery [51] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR050032003)
Greece Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1972 0 Abolished completely in 2004
Grenada Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1978 0
Guatemala Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1998 or later [52] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR340232000?open&of=ENG-GTM) 0
Guinea-Bissau Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1986 0 Abolished in 1993; Prohibited by Constitution
Guinea Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2001 [53] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR290042001?open&of=ENG-GIN) 0 Murder
Guyana Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0 terrorist acts [54] (http://web.amnesty.org/report2004/guy-summary-eng)
Haiti Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1972 0 Abolished in 1987; Prohibited by Constitution
Honduras Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1940 0 Abolished in 1956; Prohibited by Constitution
Hong Kong Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1966 0 Abolished in 1993 remains so under Chinese rule
Hungary Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1988 0 Abolished in 1990
Iceland Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1830 0 Abolished in 1928 reintroduction made unconstitutional in 1995 by unanimous vote of parliament
India Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 1 murder, instigating a child's suicide, treason, acts of terrorism, or a second conviction for drug trafficking For more information see Capital punishment in India
Indonesia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [55] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/world.html) 3 Drug trafficking [56] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500012005?open&of=ENG-AFG)
Iran Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [57] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/world.html) [58] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE130152005?open&of=ENG-392) ≈159 [59] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4409857.stm) Sodomy [60] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/iran/iran.htm); Armed Robbery [61] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/mar03.html); Terrorism [62] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/feb03.html); Drug trafficking [63] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/jan03.html); Kidnapping & rape [64] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/dec02.html); Murder [65] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/oct02.html); Apostasy [66] (http://www.barnabasfund.org/Apostasy/Conversion_Means_Death.htm)
Iraq Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 0 murder; endangering national security; distributing drugs; rape; attacks on transport convoys; financing and execution of terrorism [67] (http://newstandardnews.net/content/?action=show_item&itemid=799) [68] (http://www.truthout.org/docs_04/080904Z.shtml) Suspended in April 2003 after 2003 invasion; reinstated August 2004
Republic of Ireland Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1954 0 Abolished in law in 1990; 21st Amendment to the Constitution (2001) made reintroduction unconstitutional without a further constitutional amendment (and referendum).
Israel Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1962 0 Crimes Against Humanity [69] (http://www.israellawcenter.org/news111402.shtml) Abolished for other crimes in 1954; only one execution (Adolf Eichmann)
Italy Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1947 0 Abolished for exceptional circumstances in 1994; abolished for all other crimes in 1948 (by the Constitution)
Jamaica Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [70] (http://web.amnesty.org/report2004/jam-summary-eng) 0 Murder [71] (http://www.santegidio.org/pdm/news2004/pdm20040717_b.htm)
Japan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 2 Prosecutors only push for the death penalty in the case of multiple murders, or if a single murder is combined with either rape or robbery. [72] (http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A11306-2005Jan15?language=printer) Only method of capital punishment used in Japan today is hanging. A moratorium was placed on executions for 40 months from 1989 to 1993.
Jordan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 [73] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500052005?open&of=ENG-392) 1 Murder [74] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/aug03.html)
Kazakhstan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [75] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500072004?open&of=ENG-KAZ) 0 murder with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; attempt on the life of a person administering justice or preliminary investigations; attempt on the life of the president; state treason; sabotage; planning, preparation, or conduct of aggressive war; use of prohibited means and methods of conducting war; genocide; and mercenary participation in armed conflict [76] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=42&org=0&eu=0&topic=8) moratorium since 17 December, 2003
Kenya Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1984 0 murder and armed robbery [77] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500072004?open&of=ENG-MAR)
Kiribati Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1979
North Korea Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [78] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/world.html) unknown Plots against national sovereignty; terrorism ; treason against the Motherland by citizens; treason against the people; murder [79] (http://www.photius.com/countries/korea_north/government/korea_north_government_the_judiciary.html)
South Korea Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1997 [80] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT530012003?open&of=ENG-KOR) 0 Murder [81] (http://www.asiaweek.com/asiaweek/magazine/2000/0225/nat.korea.html) There has been an unofficial moratorium on executions since President Kim Dae-jung took office in February 1998[82] (http://www.amnestyusa.org/news/document.do?id=80256DD400782B8480256FE80042AACA)
Kuwait Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [83] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/jan05.html) 9 Drugs Trafficking; Rape & Murder [84] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/june02.html)
Kyrgyzstan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0 murder; rape of a female minor; genocide [85] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=24&org=0&eu=0&topic=8) President Aksar Akayev extended a moratorium in January 2004 that has been in place since 1998
Laos Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1989 [86] (http://www.nswccl.org.au/issues/death_penalty/asiapac.php#laos) 0 drugs trafficking [87] (http://web.amnesty.org/report2003/Lao-summary-eng)
Latvia Missing image
DP_yellow.png
Image:DP yellow.png

Yes
1996 [88] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html) 0 murder with aggravating circumstances if committed during wartime [89] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=45&org=0&eu=0&topic=8) Abolished for other crimes in 1999
Lebanon Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 3 Murder [90] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE180062004?open&of=ENG-LBN)
Lesotho Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Liberia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1995 [91] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR050032003) 0 atrocities committed against civilians
Libya Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0 high treason; attempt to forcibly change the form of government; premeditated murder [92] (http://www.bta.bg/site/libya/en/07courtsystem.htm)
Liechtenstein Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1785 0 Abolished in 1987
Lithuania Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1995 0 Abolished in 1998
Luxembourg Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1949 0 Abolished in 1979; Prohibited by Constitution
Macau Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 remains so under Chinese rule
Republic of Macedonia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1988 [93] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html) 0 Abolished in 1991; Prohibited by Constitution
Madagascar Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1958 0
Malawi Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1992 [94] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500012005) 0
Malaysia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2001 [95] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/oct01.html) 0 Mandatory for Trafficking in dangerous drugs; Discharging a firearm in the Commission of a scheduled offence; Accomplices in case of discharge of firearm; Offences against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s person; Murder. Discretionary for Kidnapping; Consorting with person carrying or having possession of arms or explosives; Waging or attempting to wage war or abetting the waging of war against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Ruler or Yang di-Pertua Negeri [96] (http://www.aliran.com/monthly/2003/6k.html)
Maldives Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1952 0 Murder [97] (http://www.maldivesculture.com/maldives_murder01.html)
Mali Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1980 0
Malta Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1943 0 Abolished in 2000
Marshall Islands Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since indepedence 0 Abolished in 1986; Prohibited by Constitution
Mauritania Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1987 0 Sodomy [98] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/world.htm#Africa); Apostasy [99] (http://www.barnabasfund.org/Apostasy/Conversion_Means_Death.htm) Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it
Mauritius Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1987 0 Abolished in 1995
Federated States of Micronesia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1986; Prohibited by Constitution
Mexico Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1937 0 Abolished in 2005
Moldova Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1985 [100] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html) 0 Abolished in 1995
Monaco Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1847 0 Abolished in 1962; Prohibited by Constitution
Mongolia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
terrorist acts committed for political purposes; terrorist acts against representatives of a foreign State for political purposes; sabotage; premeditated murder committed with aggravating circumstances; and rape with aggravating circumstances [101] (http://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/0/8E61783D9ED31093802568AC0037D5DB?opendocument) According to Amnesty International, executions were carried out in secret [102] (http://web.amnesty.org/report2004/mng-summary-eng)
Morocco Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1993 0 Terrorism [103] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500072004?open&of=ENG-MAR)
Mozambique Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1986 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Myanmar Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1993 0 high treason [104] (http://www.derechos.org/news/archives/000506.html)
Namibia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1988 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Nauru Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
none since indepedence 0 Treason; Piracy; Murder [105] (http://www.nswccl.org.au/issues/death_penalty/asiapac.php#nauru) none since indepedence in 1968
Nepal Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1979 0 Abolished in 1997; Prohibited by Constitution
Netherlands Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1952 0 Abolished in 1982; Prohibited by Constitution
New Zealand Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1957 0 Abolished in 1989; For more information see Capital punishment in New Zealand
Nicaragua Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1930 0 Abolished in 1979; Prohibited by Constitution
Niger Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1976 0
Nigeria Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2001 [106] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR050032003) 0 Sodomy [107] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/nigeria/nigeria.htm) Each of the 36 states have their own laws. In the north of the country the legal system used is Sharia (Islamic law)
Niue Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0
Norway Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1948 0 Abolished in 1979
Oman Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2001 [108] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE200012004?open&of=ENG-OMN) 0 Murder; Drug trafficking [109] (http://web.amnesty.org/web/ar2002.nsf/mde/oman)
Pakistan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [110] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/world.html) 15 Murder [111] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/jan05.html); Sodomy [112] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/pakistan/pakistan.htm); Gang rape; Mutiny [113] (http://www.washtimes.com/upi-breaking/20041221-072630-7729r.htm)
Palau Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since indepedence 0 Abolished in probably 1994
Palestinian Authority Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2002 0 Murder; Rape; Collaborating with Israeli forces to assassinate Palestinians [114] (http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO0504/S00011.htm)
Panama Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1903 0 Abolished in 1903; Prohibited by Constitution
Papua New Guinea Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1950 0 Treason; Piracy; Attempted piracy; wilful murder [115] (http://www.nswccl.org.au/issues/death_penalty/asiapac.php#png)
Paraguay Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1928 0 Abolished in 1992; Prohibited by Constitution
Peru Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1979 0 Treason in time of war; Terrorism [116] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500092005) Abolished for other crimes in 1979
Philippines Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2000 0 Kidnapping [117] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3436403.stm); murder; serious rape [118] (http://www.nswccl.org.au/issues/death_penalty/asiapac.php#philippines)
Poland Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1988 0 Abolished in 1997. A criminal law reform including reintroducion of death penalty was proposed in 2004 by Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, but lost in the first reading in the Sejm (vote of 198 against to 194 for with 14 abstentions). Most of the for votes were not in support of death penalty, only for continuing work on criminal code reform. [119] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500012005)
Portugal Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1849 0 Abolished in 1867, except in time of war. full abolition in 1976; explicitly prohibited by Constitution
Qatar Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2001 0 Espionage [120] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE220012002?open&of=ENG-QAT); Threat to national security [121] (http://www.journalism.co.uk/news/story1331.shtml); Apostasy [122] (http://www.barnabasfund.org/Apostasy/Conversion_Means_Death.htm) Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it
Romania Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1989 0 Abolished in 1990 [123] (http://www.geocities.com/richard.clark32@btinternet.com/europe.html); Prohibited by Constitution
Russian Federation Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1999 0 murder with aggravating circumstances; assassination attempt against a state or public figure; attempt on the life of a person administering justice or preliminary investigations; attempt on the life of a law-enforcement officer; genocide [124] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=34&org=0&eu=0&topic=8) On 16 April, 1997 Russia signed the Sixth Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights, but the has yet to ratify it. There has been a moratorium on executions since 1996; No executions in Russian Federation August 1996, though one took place in 1999 in Chechen Republic
Rwanda Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1998 [125] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT530031998?open&of=ENG-RWA) 0 Genocide [126] (http://web.amnesty.org/report2004/rwa-summary-eng)
Saint Kitts and Nevis Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Saint Lucia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
0
Samoa Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1950s 0 Abolished 21 January, 2004 [127] (http://www.nswccl.org.au/issues/death_penalty/asiapac.php#samoa) [128] (http://www.paclii.org/ws/legis/num_act/codpaa2004388/)
San Marino Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1468 0 Abolished in 1865
São Tomé and Príncipe Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1990; Prohibited by Constitution
Saudi Arabia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [129] (http://www.cbc.ca/cp/world/050402/w040210.html) [130] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/world.html) 33 Many violent and nonviolent offenses including murder, apostasy, drug offenses, witchcraft and sexual misconduct. [131] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/saudi_arabia/saudi_arabia.htm) Method most often used is beheading by a sword
Senegal Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1967 0 Abolished in 10 December, 2004
Serbia and Montenegro Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1992 0 Abolished in 1995 on Federal level, local legislation adjusted in 2002 [132] (http://arhiva.glas-javnosti.co.yu/arhiva/2001/11/07/srpski/T01110601.shtml)
Seychelles Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1993; Prohibited by Constitution
Sierra Leone Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1998 0 Treason [133] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR510092004?open&of=ENG-392)
Singapore Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [134] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA360022005?open&of=ENG-392) 6 murder, kidnapping, treason, certain firearm offences, trafficking in more than 15 grams (half an ounce) of heroin, 30 grams of cocaine or 500 grams of cannabis [135] (http://www.singapore-window.org/sw02/020412re.htm)
Slovakia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1989 0 Abolished in 1990 as part of Czechoslovakia; Prohibited by Constitution
Slovenia Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1957 0 Abolished in 1989; Prohibited by Constitution
Solomon Islands Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1978 [136] (http://www.nswccl.org.au/issues/death_penalty/asiapac.php#solomons)
Somalia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 [137] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500052005?open&of=ENG-392) 1
South Africa Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1991 0 Abolished in 1997. On 25 May, 2005 the Constitutional Court ordered that all remaining death sentences in the country be set aside and the prisoners resentenced
Spain Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1975 0 Abolished in 1995
Sri Lanka Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1976 0 rape, murder and narcotics dealings [138] (http://www.amnestyusa.org/abolish/document.do?id=AA4D3A610F648A3E80256F400047A922) moratorium since July 1976
Sudan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 [139] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500052005?open&of=ENG-392) 1 Sodomy [140] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/sudan/sudan.htm); Waging war against the state [141] (http://www.afrika.no/Detailed/8704.html); Apostasy [142] (http://www.barnabasfund.org/Apostasy/Conversion_Means_Death.htm)
Suriname Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1982 0 aggravated murder; premeditated murder; treason [143] (http://sim.law.uu.nl/SIM/CaseLaw/uncom.nsf/0/58ee85a258266406c1256e7c0030473a?OpenDocument)
Swaziland Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1983 [144] (http://www.southerndomains.com/Newspaper/Archive/0202/Column.html#23) 0 Murder [145] (http://www.cidi.org/humanitarian/irin/safrica/00a/0020.html)
Sweden Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1910 0 Abolished in 1972; Prohibited by Constitution
Switzerland Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1944 0 Abolished in 1992
Syria Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 [146] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500052005?open&of=ENG-392) 1
Tajikistan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2004 4 murder with aggravating circumstances; rape with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; biocide; genocide [147] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=49&org=0&eu=0&topic=8) Moratorium introduced 30 April, 2004 by President Emomali Rahmonov
Tanzania Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1995 [148] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR560012005?open&of=ENG-TZA) 0 Murder
Thailand Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [149] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500072004?open&of=ENG-THA) 0 Offenses include Regicide; Sedition or Rebellion; Offences committed against the external security of Thailand; Murder or attempted murder of a foreign head of state; Bribery; Arson; Rape; Murder with intent; Kidnapping; Robbery resulting in death. For a full list see here (PDF) (http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Thailand411-2.pdf)
Togo Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1978 [150] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT530042002?open&of=ENG-TGO) 0 Premeditated murder
Tonga Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1982 0 Treason; Murder [151] (http://www.nswccl.org.au/issues/death_penalty/asiapac.php#tonga)
Trinidad and Tobago Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1999 [152] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR490012002?open&of=ENG-TTO) 0 Murder
Tunisia Missing image
DP_orange.png
Image:DP orange.png

Yes
1991 0
Turkey Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1984 0 Abolished in 2004; Prohibited by Constitution
Turkmenistan Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1999; Prohibited by Constitution
Turks and Caicos Islands Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 2002 (PDF) (http://www.fco.gov.uk/Files/kfile/cm5707,0.pdf)
Tuvalu Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1978
Uganda Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [153] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/mar03.html) 0 treason; terrorism; murder [154] (http://www.humanrightshouse.org/dllvis5.asp?id=2811) On June 14, 2005 the Constitutional court ruled that although the death penalty was constitutional, its use as a mandatory punishment for certain crimes was not. [155] (http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/IRIN/35024160952b1236b73e919e73f86417.htm)
Ukraine Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1997 [156] (http://www.amnesty.org/ailib/aireport/ar99/eur50.htm) 0 Abolished in 1999
United Arab Emirates Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2002 [157] (http://web.amnesty.org/report2004/are-summary-eng) 0 Murder; Drug offences [158] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE250012002?open&of=ENG-ARE); homosexuality [159] (http://www.glas.org/ahbab/Articles/signor.htm) [160] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/uae/united_arab_emirates.htm)
United Kingdom Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
1964 0 Abolished completely in 1998; For more information see Capital punishment in the United Kingdom
United States Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 59 Generally only premeditated murder with aggravating circumstances. Federal death penalty for certain murders as well as treason, espionage and major drug trafficking. For a full list see here (http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=144&scid=10) Not all states have the death penalty, though federal law provides for it in all states; For more information see Capital punishment in the United States
Uruguay Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1907; Prohibited by Constitution
Uzbekistan Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [161] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGEUR620052005?open&of=ENG-392) 19 from 30 June, 200330 June, 2004 murder with aggravating circumstances; terrorism [162] (http://www.legislationline.org/index.php?country=43&org=0&eu=0&topic=8)
Vanuatu Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none since independence 0 Abolished in 1980
Vatican City Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
none 0 Abolished in 1969; Last execution in the Papal States was on July 9, 1870 [163] (http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/091401/091401a.htm)
Venezuela Missing image
DP_blue.png
Image:DP blue.png

No
0 Abolished in 1863; Prohibited by Constitution
Vietnam Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [164] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/jan05.html) 64 treason; taking action to overthrow the government; espionage; rebellion; banditry; terrorism; sabotage; hijacking; destruction of national security projects; undermining peace; war crimes; crimes against humanity; manufacturing, concealing and trafficking in narcotic substances; murder; rape; robbery; embezzlement; fraud [165] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engasa410232003)
Yemen Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2005 [166] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/world.html) 6 Murder [167] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE310052005?open&of=ENG-YEM); Adultery [168] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE310042004?open&of=ENG-YEM); homosexuality [169] (http://www.glas.org/ahbab/Articles/signor.htm) [170] (http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/world.htm#Middle%20East); Apostasy [171] (http://www.barnabasfund.org/Apostasy/Conversion_Means_Death.htm) Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it
Zambia Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
1997 0 Murder; Aggravated robbery; Treason President Levy Mwanawasa stated in 2004 that "For as long as I remain President, I will not execute a death warrant." [172] (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500012005)
Zimbabwe Missing image
DP_red.png
Image:DP red.png

Yes
2003 [173] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/overview.html) 0 Treason [174] (http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20050401.wxzimb2/BNStory/International/); Murder [175] (http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/june03.html)

References

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools