John "the Red" Comyn

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John "the Red" Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, also known simply as the Red Comyn, (died 10 February 1306) was a Scottish patriot and royal Competitor. His father, another John Comyn, was known as the Black Comyn. Through his ancestor William Comyn, son Hextilda, daughter of Ughtred of Tynedale by his wife Bethoc, daughter of King Donald Bane, the Red Comyn was a cognatic descendant of the Royal House of Scotland, the Dunkeld clan.

After the deaths of King Alexander III of Scotland in 1286 and his granddaughter and last uncontested heir Margaret, the Maid of Norway in 1290, twelve to fourteen powerful noble houses with tenuous royal claims competed for the throne. Foremost among these were the Balliol, the Comyn, and the Bruce. John Balliol had the support of the Comyns, and "Red" Comyn married Balliol's sister, to cement an alliance. However, Balliol was set up only to be knocked down by King Edward I of England.

In 1306, John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, was summoned to a secret parley with his chief rival, Robert the Bruce, Earl of Carrick. As a "guarantee" of nonviolence, the negotiation was to be held in Greyfriars Church in Dumfries. Comyn did not survive this meeting, as Bruce stabbed him. Tradition has it that the wounded Comyn was then "finished off" by a companion of Bruce, Sir Roger de Kirkpatrick, with the words "I mak sikkar" (I make sure). This has remained the Kirkpatrick family motto to this day, with its crest being a bloodied hand holding a dagger.

The action resulted in Pope Clement V excommunicating the Bruce, temporarily damaging his chances of the throne. He was crowned king six weeks later.

The Scottish clan descended from the Comyns is now known as Cumming.

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