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Table of historical exchange rates

From Academic Kids

An exchange rate represents the value of one currency in another. An exchange rate between two currencies fluctuates over time. This page records for various currencies the amount in that currency that is equal to one U.S. Dollar, the most widely traded currency in the world. The value of a currency relative to a third currency may be obtained by dividing one U.S. dollar rate by another. For example if there are ¥120 to the dollar and €1.2 to the dollar then the number of yen per euro is 120/1.2 = 100.

The magnitude of the numbers in the list do not indicate, by themselves, the strength or weakness of a particular currency. For example the U.S. Dollar could be rebased tomorrow so that 1 new dollar was worth 100 old dollars. Then all the numbers in the table would be multiplied by one hundred, but it does not mean all the world's currencies just got weaker. However it is useful to look at the variation over time of a particular exchange rate. If the number consistly increases through time, then it is a strong indication that the economy of the country or countries using that currency are in a less robust state than that of the United States (see e.g. the Turkish Lira). The exchange rates of advanced economies such as that Japan or Hong Kong against the dollar tend to fluctuate up and down, representing much shorter-term relative economic strengths, rather than move consistently in a particular direction.

The data for the years 1997-2002 refers to the rate on, or close to, 1 January on that year. Data for 2003 refers to rates on 28 May (for countries beginning A-E) and 2 June (for countries listed F-Z). Exchange rates can vary considerably even within a year and so current rates may differ markedly from those shown here - caveat lector.

Contents

Table

Country Currency Code 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997
Afghanistan Afghani AFA 42.785 Unk Unk 4,700 4,750 Unk Unk
Albania Albanian Lek ALL 115.918 Unk 140.16 143.71 137.69 150.63 148.93
Algeria Algerian dinar DZD 78.67 77.889 77.215 75.260 66.574 58.739 57.707
United States and others US dollar USD 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
those in the Eurozone Euro EUR 0.8652 1.1324 1.1175 1.0854 0.9386 0.8981 0.8861
Angola(1) kwanza AOA 73.8297 32.8716 22.058 10.041 2.791 0.393 0.229
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2) East Caribbean Dollar XCD 2.76 2.7600 2.7600 2.7600 2.7600 2.7600 2.7600
Argentina (3) Argentine Peso ARS 2.8825 1.3333 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Armenia Armenian dram ARD 554.882 564.08 555.08 539.53 535.06 504.92 490.85
Aruba (4) Aruban florin/guilder AWG 1.781 1.7900 1.7900 1.7900 1.7900 1.7900 1.7900
Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Norfolk Island, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos Island Australian dollar AUD 1.5361 1.9354 1.9320 1.7173 1.5497 1.5888 1.3439
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani manat AZM 4875.5 4,804 4,657 4,474 4,120 3,869 3,985
The Bahamas (5) Bahamian dollar BSD 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Bahrain (5) Bahraini dinar BHD 0.3760 0.3760 0.3760 0.3760 0.3760 0.3760 0.3760
Bangladesh taka BDT 58.15 57.756 55.807 52.142 49.085 46.906 43.892
Barbados Barbadian dollar BBD 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000
Belarus (6) Belarusian ruble BYB/BYR 2032.79 Unk 1,531 876.75 248.80 46.127 26.020
Belize (5) Belizean dollar BBD 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000 2.0000
Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Cte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo (7) Communaute Financiere Africaine francs XOF 560 742.79 733.04 711.98 615.70 589.95 583.67
Bermuda (5) Bermudan dollar BMD 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Bhutan (8) ngultrum/Indian rupee BTN/INR 46.98 48.336 47.186 44.942 43.055 41.259 36.313
Bolivia boliviano BOB 7.5719 6.8613 6.6069 6.1835 5.8124 5.5101 5.2543
Bosnia and Herzegovina marka BAM Unk Unk 2.161 2.124 1.837 1.760 1.734
Botswana pula BWP 5.15464 6.8353 5.8412 5.1018 4.6244 4.2259 3.6508
Brazil (9) real BRL 2.9675 2.378 2.358 1.830 1.815 1.161 1.078
Brunei (10) Bruneian Dollar BND 1.7346 1.8388 1.8917 1.7240 1.6950 1.6736 1.4848
Bulgaria (11) lev BGN 1.654 2.2147 2.1847 2.1233 1836.4 1,760.36 1,681.88
Burma (12) kyat MMF Unk 6.8581 6.7489 6.5167 6.2858 6.3432 6.2418
Burundi Burundi franc BIF 1052.8 865.14 830.35 720.67 563.56 477.77 352.35
Cambodia reil KHR 3815.82 3,895.0 3,918.5 3,840.8 3,807.8 3,744.4 2,946.3
Canada Canadian dollar CAD 1.3866 1.5979 1.4963 1.4520 1.5263 1.4250 1.3737
Cape Verde Cape Verdean escudo CVE 108.95 123.556 Unk 115.877 102.700 98.158 93.177
Cayman Islands Caymanian dollar KYD 0.828157 Unk 0.82 Unk Unk Unk Unk
Chile Chilean peso CLP 713.5 651.90 618.70 535.47 508.78 460.29 419.30
China (PRC) yuan CNY 8.2768 8.2767 8.2771 8.2785 8.2783 8.2790 8.2898
Colombia Colombian peso COP 2856.8 2,275.89 2,299.63 2,087.90 1,756.23 1,426.04 1,140.96
Comoros (13) Comorian franc KMF Unk 557.09 549.78 533.98 461.77 442.46 437.75
Democratic Republic of the Congo (14) Congolese franc CDF Unk 420 305 21.82 4.02 1.61 1.31
Costa Rica Costa Rican colon CRC 395.29 343.08 328.87 308.19 285.68 257.23 232.60
Croatia kuna HRK 6.4196 8.452 8.340 8.277 7.112 6.362 6.101
Cuba (15) Cuban peso CUP 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Cyprus (16) Cypriot pound CYP 0.499963 0.6518 0.6427 0.6208 0.5423 0.5170 0.5135
Cyprus (16) Turkish lira TRL 1,4295,000 1,370,629 1,223,140 625,219 418,783 260,724 151,865
Czech Republic Czech koruna CZK 26.645 36.325 38.035 38.598 34.569 32.281 31.698
Denmark, Faroe Islands, Greenland Danish krone DKK 6.3017 8.418 8.323 8.083 6.976 6.701 6.604
Djibouti (17) Djiboutian franc DJF 177.721 177.721 177.721 177.721 177.721 177.721 177.721
Dominican Republic Dominican peso DOP 27.1 17.310 16.952 16.415 16.033 15.267 14.265
East Timor (18) U.S. Dollar USD 1.0000 1.0000 Irr Irr Irr Irr Irr
Ecuador (19) U.S. Dollar/sucre USD 25,000 25,000.0 25,000.0 24,988.4 11,786.8 5,446.6 3,988.3
Egypt Egyptian pound EGP 5.975 4.5000 4.4900 3.6900 3.4050 3.3880 3.3880
El Salvador (20) Salvadoran colon, U.S. Dollar SVC, USD 8.750 8.750 8.755 8.755 8.755 8.755 8.755
Eritrea nakfa ERN 9.65 Unk Unk 9.5 7.6 7.2 Unk
Estonia (21) kroon EEK 13.2625 17.518 17.538 16.969 14.678 14.075 13.882
Ethiopia birr ETB 8.4 8.455 8.3140 8.3140 8.1340 7.5030 6.8640
Fiji Fijian dollar FJD 1.86532 2.2934 2.2766 2.1286 1.9696 1.9868 1.4437
French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc XPF 116.486 135.04 133.26 129.44 107.25 106.11  
The Gambia dalasi GMD 25.000 Unk 15.000 12.788 11.395 10.643 10.200
Georgia lari GEL 2.1352 2.1888 2.0730 1.9762 2.0245 1.3898 1.2975
Ghana cedi GHC 8675 7,195 7,170.76 5,455.06 2,669.30 2,050.17  
Guatemala quetzal GTQ 7.925 8.0165 7.8586 7.7632 7.3856 6.3947 6.0653
Guinea Guinean franc GNF 1963.14 1,974.4 1,950.6 1,746.9 1,387.4 1,236.8 1,095.3
Guyana Guyanese dollar GYD 179 189.5 187.3 182.4 178.0 150.5 142.4
Haiti gourde HTG 37.25 26.674 26.339 22.524 17.965 16.505 17.311
Honduras lempira HNL 17.26 16.0256 15.9197 15.1407 14.5039 13.8076 13.0942
Hong Kong Hong Kong dollar HKD 7.7987 7.798 7.7994 7.7918 7.7589 7.7462 7.7425
Hungary Hungarian forint HUF 209 275.920 286.490 282.179 237.146 214.402 186.789
Iceland Icelandic krona ISK Unk 102.430 97.425 78.616 72.335 70.958 70.904
India India rupee INR Unk 48.336 47.186 44.942 43.055 41.259 36.313
Indonesia Indonesian rupiah IDR Unk 10,377.3 10,260.9 8,421.8 7,855.2 10,013.6 2,909.4
Iran (22) Iranian rial IRR 7,900 7,900 1,750 1,750 1,750 1,750 1,750
Iraq (23) Iraqi dinar IQD Unk Unk 2,000 1,910 1,815 1,530 910
Israel, West Bank new Israeli shekel 72.19 Unk 4.2757 4.2057 4.1397 4.0773 3.8001 3.4494
Jamaica Jamaican dollar JMD 58.75 47.277 45.996 42.701 39.044 36.550 35.404
Japan yen JPY 118.595 132.66 121.53 107.77 113.91 130.91 120.99
Jordan (5) Jordanian dinar JOD 0.7090 0.7090 0.7090 0.7090 0.7090 0.7090 0.7090
Kazakhstan tenge KZT 149.757 151.14 146.74 142.13 119.52 78.30 75.44
Kenya Kenyan shilling KES 73.5 78.597 78.563 76.176 70.326 60.367 58.732
North Korea (24) North Korean won KPW 2.15 2.15 2.15 2.15 2.15 2.15 2.15
South Korea South Korean won KRW 1205.45 1,317.01 1,290.99 1,130.96 1,188.82 1,401.44 951.29
Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KWD 0.299105 0.3075 0.3066 0.3067 0.3044 0.3047 0.3033
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstani som KGS 44.0542 47.972 48.378 47.704 39.008 20.838 17.362
Laos kip LAK 7562 9,467.00 8,954.58 7,887.64 7,102.03 3,298.33 1,259.98
Latvia Latvian lat LVL 0.5605 0.6384 0.628 0.607 0.585 0.590 0.581
Lebanon Lebanese pound LBP 1507.5 1,507.5 1,507.5 1,507.5 1,507.8 1,516.1 1,539.5
Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland South African rand (also, loti and lilangeni) ZAR, SZL 8.0154 11.58786 8.60918 6.93983 6.10948 5.52828 4.60796
Liberia Liberian dollar LRD 1(o) 46.0400 48.5833 40.9525 41.9025 41.5075 40.0
Libya (25) Libyan dinar LYD 1.2059 21.30(m) 0.6501 0.5403 0.5403 0.3785 0.3891
Lithuania (26) litas LTL 2.93995 3.4946 4.000 4.000 4.000 4.000 4.000
Macau (27) pataca MOP 8.0325 8.033 8.034 8.026 7.992 7.979 7.975
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia denars MKD 51.2467 Unk 64.757 65.904 56.902 54.462 50.004
Madagascar Malagasy franc MGF 5820.75 6,531.4 6,588.5 6,767.5 6,283.8 5,441.4 5,090.9
Malawi Malawian kwacha MWK 91.8 67.3111 72.1973 59.5438 44.0881 31.0727 16.4442
Malaysia ringgit MYR 3.8 3.8000 3.8000 3.8000 3.8000 3.9244 2.8133
Maldives (28) rufiyaa MVR 11.770 11.770 11.770 11.770 11.770 11.770 11.770
Malta Maltese lira MTL 0.3632 0.4542 0.4499 0.4376 0.3994 0.3885 0.3857
Mauritania ouguiya MRO 261.2 Unk 254.350 238.923 209.514 188.476 151.853
Mexico Mexican peso MXN 10.247 9.1614 9.3423 9.4556 9.5604 9.1360 7.9185
Moldova Moldovan leu MDL 14.1565 Unk 12.8579 12.4342 10.5158 5.3707 4.6236
Mongolia todrog/tugrik MNT 1120.37 1,101.29 1,097.70 1,076.67 1,072.37 840.83 789.99
Morocco, Western Sahara Moroccan dirham MAD 9.3135 11.584 11.303 10.626 9.804 9.604 9.527
Mozambique metical MZM 23180 23,314.2 20,703.6 15,447.1 13,028.6 12,110.2 11,772.6
Namibia Nambian dollar, South African rand NAD, ZAR 8.0154 11.58786 8.60918 6.93983 6.10948 5.52828 4.60796
Nepal Nepalese rupee NPR 74.83 76.675 74.961 71.094 68.239 65.976 58.010
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antillean guilder ANG 1.790 1.790 1.790 1.790 1.790 1.790 1.790
New Zealand, Niue, Cook Islands, Pitcairn Islands, Tokelau New Zealand dollar NZD 1.72399 2.3535 2.3776 2.1863 1.8886 1.8632 1.5083
Nicaragua gold cordoba NIO 14.9 13.88 13.37 12.69 11.81 10.58 9.45
Nigeria naira NGN 136 115 Unk 101.697 92.338 21.886 21.886
Norway, Svalbard Norwegian krone NOK 6.7156 8.9684 8.9917 8.8018 7.7992 7.5451 7.0734
Oman (5) Omani rial OMR 0.384985 0.3845 0.3845 0.3845 0.3845 0.3845 0.3845
Pakistan Pakistani rupee PKR 57.8 60.719 61.927 53.648 49.118 44.943 40.918
Panama U.S. Dollar, balboa USD, PAB 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Papua New Guinea kina PGK 3.6036 3.706 3.374 2.765 2.539 2.058 1.434
Paraguay guarani PYG 6265 4,783.0 4,107.7 3,486.4 3,119.1 2,726.5 2,177.9
Peru nuevo sol PEN 3.49185 3.4400 3.509 3.4900 3.3833 2.9300 2.6642
Philippines Philippine peso PHP 53.255 51.201 50.993 44.192 39.089 40.893 29.471
Poland zloty PLN 3.8045 4.0144 4.0939 4.3461 3.9671 3.4754 3.2793
Qatar Qatari rial QAR 3.6400 3.6400 3.6400 3.6400 3.6400 3.6400 3.6400
Romania leu ROL 32508 35,052.0 29,060.8 21,708.7 15,332.8 8,875.6 7,167.9
Russia (37) ruble RUR/RUB 30.66 30.4669 29.1685 28.1292 24.6199 9.7051 5.785
Rwanda Rwandan franc RWF 520.385 456.81 442.99 389.70 333.94 312.31 301.53
Samoa tala WST 3.0021 3.5236 3.4722 3.2712 3.0120 2.9429 2.5562
So Tom and Prncipe dobra STD 9019.7 9,009.1 8,842.1 7,978.2 7,119.0 6,883.2 4,552.5
Saudi Arabia riyal SAR 3.7503 3.7450 3.7450 3.7450 3.7450 3.7450 3.7450
Serbia and Montenegro new Yugoslav dinar YUM 57.6065 65 Unk Unk Unk 10.0 5.85
Seychelles Seychelles rupee SCR 5.618 5.7458 5.8575 5.7138 5.3426 5.2622 5.0263
Sierra Leone leone SLL 2275 2,212.47 1,985.89 2,092.13 1,804.20 1,563.62 981.48
Singapore Singapore dollar SGD 1.7287 1.8388 1.7917 1.7240 1.6950 1.6736 1.4848
Slovakia Slovak koruna SKK 35.173 Unk 47.792 46.035 41.363 35.233 33.616
Slovenia tolar SIT 194.94 251.40 242.75 222.66 181.77 166.13 159.69
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands dollar SBD 7.3432 Unk 5.3728 5.0889 4.8381 4.8156 3.7169
Somalia Somali shilling SOS 2620 Unk Unk 11,000 2,620 Unk 7,500
South Africa South African rand ZAR 8.0154 11.58786 8.60918 6.93983 6.10948 5.52828 4.60796
Sri Lanka Sri Lankan rupee LKR 97.245 93.383 89.383 77.005 70.635 64.450 58.995
Sudan Sudanese dinar SDD 257.41 261.44 258.70 257.12 252.55 200.80 157.57
Suriname (29) Surinamese guilder SRG 2502.4 Unk 2,178.50 2,178.50 987.50 401.00 401.00
Sweden Swedish krona SEK 7.7536 10.4381 10.3291 9.1622 8.2624 7.9499 7.6349
Switzerland, Liechtenstein Swiss franc CHF 1.3003 1.6668 1.6876 1.6888 1.5022 1.4498 1.4513
Syria Syrian pound SYP 41.79 Unk 51 46 Unk 46 41.9
Taiwan (ROC) new Taiwan dollar TWD 34.699 34.6 34.49 33.08 31.4 32.22 32.05
Tajikistan (30) somoni TJS 3.081 2.55 2.2 1550 998 Unk 350
Tanzania Tanzanian shilling TZS 1038 924.70 876.41 800.41 744.76 664.67 612.12
Thailand baht THB 41.695 43.982 43.432 40.112 37.814 41.359 31.364
Tonga pa'anga TOP 2.151 2.1920 2.1236 1.7585 1.5991 1.4920 1.2635
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago dollar TTD 6.135 6.2466 6.2332 6.2998 6.2989 6.2983 6.2517
Tunisia Tunisian dinar TND 1.26445 1.44 1.3753 1.3707 1.1862 1.1387 1.1059
Turkey Turkish lira TRL 1,430,000 1,223,140 1,223,140 625,219 418,783 260,724 151,865
Turkmenistan Turkmen manat TMM 5,200 5,200 5,200 5,200 5,350 Unk 4,070
Uganda Ugandan shillings UGX 2,002.5 1,738.7 1,755.7 1,644.5 1,454.8 1,240.2 1,083.0
Ukraine hryvnia UAH 5.3093 5.3126 5.3722 5.4402 4.1304 2.4495 1.8617
United Arab Emirates Emirati dirham AED 3.6725 3.6725 3.6725 3.6725 3.6725 3.6725 3.6725
United Kingdom British Pound GBP 0.6414 0.6981 0.6944 0.6596 0.6180 0.6037 0.6106
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands pound FKP
Guernsey Guernsey Pound GGP
Jersey Jersey pound JEP
Saint Helena Saint Helena pound SHP
Gibraltar Gibraltar pound GIP
Uruguay Uruguayan peso UYU 2,002.5 14.3325 13.3191 12.0996 11.3393 10.4719 9.4418
Uzbekistan Uzbekistani sum UZS 966.24 687.0 325.0 141.4 111.9 110.95 75.8
Vanuatu vatu VUV 121.41 146.02 145.31 137.64 129.08 127.52 115.87
Venezuela bolivar VEB 1,598 761.225 723.666 679.960 605.717 547.556 488.635
Vietnam dong VND 15,473 15,085 14,725 14,168 13,943 13,268 11,683
Yemen Yemeni rial YER 178.01 171.860 168.678 161.718 155.718 135.882 129.281
Zambia Zambian kwacha ZMK 4,800 3,848.65 3,610.94 3,110.84 2,388.02 1,862.07 1,314.50
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean dollar ZWD 850 54.9451 54.9451 43.2900 38.3142 21.4133 11.8906

See also

Notes

  1. In December 1999 the Angolan kwanza was rebased. 1 new kwanza equals 1million old kwanza. In this table the new kwanza is used throughout.
  2. The East Caribbean Dollar has been pegged at a fixed rate of 2.76 to the dollar since 1976.
  3. The Argentine peso was pegged at equal parity to the US dollar until January 2002. Since then it has been allowed to float freely.
  4. The Aruban guilder has been pegged to the US dollar since 1986.
  5. On 1 January 2000 the Belarusian ruble was rebased. One new ruble is worth 2,000 old rubles. The new ruble is used throughout in this table.
  6. The Belizean dollar is pegged to the US dollar.
  7. The Communaute Financiere Africaine franc is pegged to the euro. Before 1999, it was pegged to the French Franc.
  8. The Bhutan ngultrum is at par with the Indian rupee which is also legal tender.
  9. From October 1994 through 14 January 1999, the official Brazilian rate was determined by a managed float; since 15 January 1999, the official rate floats independently with respect to the US dollar.
  10. The Bruneian dollar is at par with the Singaporean dollar.
  11. The Bulgarian lev was rebased on 5 July 1999. 1000 old levs are worth 1 new lev. New levs are used throughout this table.
  12. The figures quoted are the official rate. The Burmese kyat is much weaker on the black market. At the end of 2000, the black market rate was 435 kyat to the dollar.
  13. Prior to January 1999, the official rate was pegged to the French franc at 75 Comorian francs per French franc; since 1 January 1999, the Comorian franc is pegged to the euro at a rate of 491.9677 Comorian francs per euro.
  14. On 30 June 1998 the Congolese franc was introduced, replacing the new zaire
  15. The official, nonconvertible rate, for international transactions, is 1 Cuban peso per US dollar - 1.0000; the convertible peso sold for domestic use is fixed at a rate of 1.00 US dollar per 27 pesos by the Government of Cuba (January 2002).
  16. The Cypriot pound is used in the Greek Cypriot area. The Turkish lira is used in the Turkish Cypriot area.
  17. The Djiboutian franc has been pegged to the US dollar since 1973.
  18. East Timor has been using the US dollar since independence from Indonesia in 2002.
  19. On 13 March 2000, the Ecuadorian National Congress approved a new exchange system whereby the US dollar was adopted as the main legal tender in Ecuador for all purposes; on 20 March 2000, the Central Bank of Ecuador started to exchange sucres for US dollars at a fixed rate of 25,000 sucres per US dollar; since 30 April 2000, all transactions are denominated in US dollars, figures quoted in the table are in sucres for simplicity.
  20. Since January 2001 the US dollar is also become legal tender in El Savalador; the exchange rate was then fixed at 8.75 colones per US dollar. From 1993 the rate had been fixed at 8.755.
  21. Pegged to the euro at the quoted rate at 15.65
  22. From 1997 to 2001, Iran had a multi-exchange-rate system; one of these rates, the official floating exchange rate, by which most essential goods were imported, averaged 1,750 rials per US dollar; in March 2002, the multi-exchange-rate system was converged into one rate at about 7,900 rials per US dollar
  23. Black market rate
  24. Official rate, Market rate 200 North Korean won per US dollar.
  25. Official rate, Pre-2002 devaluation, market rate was around 1.5 dinar per US dollar.
  26. Prior to 2002, Lithunian litas was pegged to the U.S. dollar, now pegged to the euro.
  27. Pegged to the Hong Kong dollar at a rate of 1.03 patacas per HK dollar.
  28. Russian ruble was rebased on January 1 1998, 1 new ruble is worth 1000 old rubles. All quoted figures refer to new roubles
  29. Managed rate
  30. The new unit of exchange was introduced on 30 October 2000, with one somoni equal to 1,000 of the old Tajikistani rubles.

References and acknowledgements

Some of the data in this table was originally collated for the CIA World Factbook. 2003 data was taken from [1] (http://pacific.commerce.ubc.ca/xr/) which also hosts a more comprehensive database of historical rates under a fairly permissive licence.

zh:货币汇率表

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